Introduction to Lightning Testing Service

Introduction to Lightning Testing Service

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With the increasing complexities of the Lightning Applications, it is highly important to maintain and improve the quality of our Lightning component code in the same manner as we do in Apex. So, the first thing we must consider is what Salesforce offers to assess quality. This is where the Lightning Testing Service comes into the picture.

What is a Lightning Test Service (LTS)?

Lightning Testing Service is an amazing testing framework to test your Salesforce Lightning components or Lightning Web Component (LWC). It is highly recommended to utilize the Lightning Testing service to ensure that your components are functioning as expected. LTS is a complete suite of tools and services that are integrated with Salesforce DX to make testing easier and faster.

Lightning Automated tests are innovative ways to get predictable, quality assessment and assurance for your specific code. Writing automated tests for your specific components makes sure that they will work according to the design and the plan. They empower you to evaluate the impact of changes in new versions of Salesforce or third-party JavaScript refactoring.

Key Features of LTS

  • LTS is supported by Mocha and Jasmine that are currently the two innovative and famous client testing frameworks.
  • LTS can be utilized with Salesforce DX and with non-Salesforce DX contexts.



How Lightning Testing Service Works?

LTS simplifies the process of building test suites and is fully integrated with Salesforce DX.

LTS comprises of two main components:

  • Unmanaged LTS packages that are listed on the project Releases page by the release version.
  • LTS installation command for the Salesforce Command Line Interface (CLI).

In the case of complex development processes, use the LTS command that is included with the Salesforce DX CLI plugin. With Salesforce CLI, you can integrate LTS into automated testing, continuous integration, and other source-based development processes.

The command-line tool automates the execution of your test suites. This opens the same URL that you can open manually and monitors the test suites using WebDriver. The results are then analyzed and packaged for use in the command-line development process.

 

Installing LTS is a one-line command in Salesforce DX CLI. After installation, you can use the command line to work with the testing suite in several ways.

Things to consider when working with Lightning Test Service

  • You need not install SalesforceDX to operate with LTS. SalesforceDX makes it easy and simple for you to work with LTS. However, the most important point for utilizing SalesforceDX is extremely similar to why do we need to write a JavaScript Unit test.

Testing Lightning Web Components and Aura methods are not sufficient to make sure that your LWCs are functioning and operating properly. 

  • Wrappers are just offered for Jasmine and Mocha. To use another testing framework, you may need to develop your own wrapper that will most probably take a day to work. 

On the other hand, Jasmine is extremely user-friendly and simple to use. If you are thinking to make the switch to different JavaScript testing frameworks, we suggest you keep continuing with Jasmine.

 

  • Do not install or utilize Lightning Test Service in production. Yes, you read that absolutely right! This can be only for the development conditions and more suitable for scratch orgs that you can simply create using Salesforce DX.
  • Data Manipulation Language operations you perform in your tests won’t be rolled back at the end of the test. We recommend that you run your LTS test suites only in development environments or scratch orgs that you simply create using Salesforce DX and data provided by the test suite itself.

 

  • Lightning Testing Service involves sample code to help you get begun. This involves not only the Jasmine and Mocha wrappers but also a Salesforce Lightning Application called jasmineTests.app which is an app that you can simply use to begin your testing. You can run this command to check the results:

force:lightning:test:run -a jasmineTests.app

  • You need to design and upload Static Resources that consist of JavaScript code for your Jasmine test suites. But, SalesforceDX offers few commands for doing this effectively to restore code while you are continuing with the development part. 

Important tips: Don’t use the Lightning Testing Service to check your server code. You need to perform client-side and server-side testing separately. When executing Apex server methods that insert records with LTS, the information that is created will not be rolled back. You have to be solely responsible for rolling back the information yourself. This is recommended as the best method for you to check the server code in your Salesforce lightning components. You can still craft unit tests to check your Aura methods operate as expected.

To know more about what LTS contains and how you can employ it, we counsel you to refer to this Getting Started With Lightning Testing Service post. This post will definitely help you get started with building your first test suite.

 

Conclusion

Lightning Testing Service is a suite of tools used to increase code quality and efficiency by applying best coding practices. It also helps in catching problems at the very early stage of development that, in turn, helps in saving time and money. Using this tool will be very important in ensuring that your components work as expected.

Deepali

Deepali Kulshrestha

Salesforce Certified Developer | Delivery Management Head
Deepali, a certified Salesforce Advanced Administrator and Salesforce Developer and CSPO Certified at Cloud Analogy, is a successful name in the industry circles when it comes to the delivery of successful projects with end-to-end testing. Deepali is a globally-renowned industry stalwart when it comes to managing Operations & Delivery Planning in driving Business Performance Management.

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